An adverb is a word that modifies another word,usually a verb. Adverbs typically express manner, place, time, frequency, etc.
They usaually answer questions such as how?, in what way?, when? or where?
Most adverbs of manner are formed from adjectives by adding the suffix -ly:
- final>finally immediate>immediately slow> slowly
- A final y in the adjective changes to i: happy>happily, easy>easily
- We don’t take out the final e before ly: extreme > extremely.
- Exceptions: true>truly
- Adjectives ending in a consonant + le drop the e and add y: gentle>gently simple>simply
Irregular adverbs of manner
- The adverb of good is well.
- There are adjectives that have the same form as the adverbs
- long > long
- hard > hard
- far > far
- ill > ill
- low > low
- fast > fast
- enough > enough
Adverbial phrases to express manner
Sometimes we can express manner with the structures
- … in a + adjective + way.
- He is doing it in a beautiful way – He is doing it beautifully
- adding the suffixes -style / -fashion
- He is learning it parrot-fashion / parrot-style