An adverb is a word that modifies another word,usually a verb. Adverbs typically express manner, place, time, frequency, etc.
They usaually answer questions such as how?, in what way?, when? or where?

Adverb formation

Most adverbs of manner  are formed from adjectives by adding the suffix  -ly:

  • final>finally       immediate>immediately      slow> slowly

Spelling notes

  • A final y in the adjective changes to i: happy>happily, easy>easily
  • We don’t take out the final e before ly: extremextremely.
    • Exceptions: true>truly
  • Adjectives ending in a consonant + le drop the e and add y: gentle>gently      simple>simply

Irregular adverbs of manner

  • The adverb of good is well.
  • There are adjectives that have the same form as the adverbs
    • long > long
    • hard > hard
    • far > far
    • ill > ill
    • low > low
    • fast > fast
    • enough > enough

Adverbial phrases to express manner

Sometimes we can express manner with the structures

  • … in a + adjective + way.
    • He is doing it in a beautiful way – He is doing it beautifully
  • adding the suffixes -style / -fashion
    • He is learning it parrot-fashion / parrot-style